Xi’an Sister City
As the capital of several ruling dynasties and a market and trade centre Xi’an is one of the most important cities in the history of China. Located in the south-central part of Shaanxi province Xi’an was the eastern terminus of the Silk Road, the ancient trade route that connected China with the Mediterranean.
Near the present-day city of Xi’an there was once the location of the ancient capital of the Han, Sui, and Tang dynasties called Chang’an. As the capital of the much longer-lived Tang dynasty (618–907), Chang’an was expanded and divided into three parts—the Palace City; the Imperial City, for the officials; and the Outer City, for artisans and merchants. It soon became one of the most splendid and extravagant cities in the world. The city declined after the downfall of the Tang, though it continued as a market centre and broker of Central Asian trade. The popular name Xi’an (“Western Peace”), adopted in 1369 after the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) was established, was later changed to Xijing in 1930 but was restored in 1943.
The Economic Revival of Xi’an
Xi’an experienced some slow industrial development after the main east-west rail line reached the city in 1935, but this was curtailed by the Sino-Japanese War (1937–45). However, beginning in the mid-1950s, Xi’an was a primary focus of expenditures from the central government and since then has been one of China’s major industrialized cities. Being located in the central part of the country, Xi’an has emerged as a railway and highway hub.
Xi’an is a center of higher education noted for its technological schools. In all, there are more than 30 universities and colleges in and around the city. Best known are Xi’an Jiaotong University, Northwest University, Xi’an Polytechnic University, a medical school, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, and Xidian University, the latter specializing in electronics and information technology.
The Historical Gems of the City
About 20 miles (32 km) northeast of Xi’an lies the tomb of Shihuangdi, the first emperor of the Qin dynasty (221–207 BCE) and the first to unify China. Known as the Qin tomb, it is world famous and is one of the most popular tourist destinations in the country. Excavation of it by archaeologists, begun in 1974, unearthed an army of about 8,000 life-size terra-cotta figures arrayed in battle formation. The Qin tomb complex was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1987.
Gyumri and Xi’an are Sister Cities
In 2015 Gyumri and Xi’an established a friendly-city relationship with an eye to more in-depth cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative in all possible spheres, including trade and economy, tourism, culture, and high-tech.
Dong Jun, mayor of Xi’an, attended the ceremony in Gyumri marking the signing of the friendly city agreement as well as one on trade and economic cooperation, along with the Mayor of Gyumri Samvel Balasanyan, and the Governor of Shirak region, Felix Tzolakyan.
Digital Silk Road Center in Xi’an founded by Digital Pomegranate aims at linking the West with China through technology created in Armenia just as the ancient Silk Road connected the known world.
The 7th Silk Road International Film Festival (SRIFF) kicked off in Xi’an, the capital of northwest China’s Shaanxi Province, with a grand opening ceremony on Sunday evening. →
Xi’an, located in northwest China’s Shaanxi Province, is famous for being the capital of China’s Han Dynasty (206 BC-220) and Tang Dynasty (618-907). It has long been a place where cultures meet and is showing its new charm as a modern metropolis. Today, let vloggers Barry and John show you how Xi’an City attracts tourists from all over the world.→