Bio Waste Treatment Plant

Bio Wastewater Natural Treatment System

What is Biological Wastewater Treatment and why it Is the technology of the future?

Wastewater proper treatment is a huge problem for many cities, including Gyumri. The dirty water ends up in the Alkhuryan river becoming poison for local biodiversity, cattle and creates risks for contamination and disease for the local communities. On the other hand, freshwater scarcity is becoming a pressing issue. Like with many other resources, water as well needs to be recycled.

This is what the biological wastewater treatment technology can do – cleaning and recycling water and enabling reuse.
This sustainable technology will be used in The Distrikt to treat and reuse the wastewater.

Bio Waste Treatment Plant
Bio Waste Treatment Plant. The technology will be used in The Distrikt to treat and reuse the wastewater.

How the Bio Wastewater Treatment Plant will function in The Distrikt?

This innovative method of wastewater treatment is based on biological processes and plants’ phytoremediation function to remove pollutants, organic matters, nutrients.

The bio wastewater treatment system consists of several filtring and purifying cycles done in separate reactors. The plant and bacteria-based ecosystems in the reactors consume the contaminants in the wastewater producing clean and reusable water.

This complex biological ecosystem is managed by an IoT-based control software that regulates all engineering components necessary to maintain ideal conditions. The software as well will be developed in The Distrikt.

The system recycles up to  90 % of the water and pushes it back into buildings and green infrastructure to be used for secondary purposes such as toilets and irrigation. The decentralized system can be used for up to 250 residents.

This innovative technology is not only an efficient way to recycle wastewater but also its esthetic appearance attracts visitors.

  • Step 1: Pre-treatment and Filtering

     In an anaerobic reactor, the wastewater passes through initial treatment to reduce solids and organic pollutants in the wastewater. 

  • Step 2: Treatment and Clarification

    The plants and microorganisms based on the phytoremediation function are removing the remaining portion of the organic pollutants of the wastewater. 

  • Step 3: Retreatment and Recleaning

    The water passes through a closed aerobic reactor to get rid of remaining dissolved organic pollutants, odorous gases, and to stimulate nitrification. 

  • Step 4: Sludge Treatment

    The remaining solids are separated from the treated wastewater in a clarifies. Plants are used to prevents algae from growing. 

  • Step 5: Disinfection

    Polishing filters that perform final treatment of the wastewater. 

  • Step 6: The Water is Recycled

    The wastewater is safe for landscape irrigation, toilet flushing, vehicle washing, or discharge to surface waters. 

Locally produced biogas to heat the greenhouse

The infrastructure of the Biological Wastewater Treatment System takes around 1000 sq meters located in a greenhouse that reminds a small botanical garden. The greenhouse will be heated with locally produced biogas. In its turn, the biomass will be sourced by the local neighborhoods in the form of organic waste and animal manure.

Waste for Biogas

The organic waste collected by the local communities will be converted to biogas.

Biogas for the Greenhouse

The biogas will be used to heat the Bio Wastewater Treatment greenhouse.

From Wastewater to Clean Water

In the Bio Wastewater Treatment Plant wastewater will be recycled to clean water.

Clean Water for Toilets and Plants

The recycled clean water will be used in the households and for irrigation of local gardens.

The scale-up: creating jobs while recycling water

The technology of the bio wastewater natural treatment system can become a solution for other small neighborhoods in Armenia and worldwide. Inefficient use of water resources as well as pollution of the surrounding environment with wastewater is a problem in many communities. Unlike centralized systems that require huge investment, wastewater natural treatment system is cheaper and more affordable, meanwhile reusing and saving precious freshwater resources.

The scale-up will allow converting it to a viable and innovative business model and create job opportunities both in software production and infrastructure building.

Research Gate

One of the burning problems of our industrial society is the high consumption of water and the high demand for clean drinking water. Numerous approaches have been taken to reduce water consumption, but in the long run, it seems only possible to recycle wastewater into high-quality water.

Science Direct

Clean water is an inevitable necessity in human life apart from food and shelter. Surface and underground water are the major sources of clean water.