Internet of Things
Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects – “things” equipped with sensors, software, and other technologies to connect and exchange data with other devices and systems over the internet. The smooth integration of the cyber-world with the physical world affects almost everything around us supporting increasing efficiency, decision-making, and easier use.
Many IoT-based solutions have been already successfully applied in smart traffic systems, control of logistics chains and industrial automation, collision avoidance systems in cars, energy efficiency, smart buildings, smart cities, environment monitoring, etc. In The Distrikt as well, IoT will be one of the central technologies. From food production to wastewater management – the technology will be embedded in different systems for increased efficiency and easier use.
IoT-based aquaponics and hydroponics plants
The IoT-based aquaponics and hydroponics plants are one of the flagship products of The Distrikt. The completely local production cycle of hardware and software will be done by The Distrikt-based enterprise FarmFresh. The software is designed to control, monitor, and share real-time data on the system – the quality and water circulation, the degree of acidity, water level, water temperature, fish feed, and other parameters. Via the IoT clouds and connected mobile applications, the users will have real-time access to this information for intervention if needed and for fast decision-making.
In addition, the simplified technology will be accessible to the local farmers. As an arid region, this sustainable technology has great potential in Shirak Region to preserve water resources and soils damaged by traditional agriculture practices.
IoT-based technology of resource use control
IoT-based technology will be applied for the management of water, electricity, and heating systems in The Distrikt buildings and greenhouses. The embedded IoT devices will give information on different environmental and operational aspects.
Through the data collected by IoT devices related to water flow, heat pump, and water pump operational schedule, availability of solar, and electricity consumption, regular energy audits and analysis will be performed. Based on the insights obtained from data analysis, corresponding control strategies for various subsystems will be developed to improve the efficiency of the overall system and reduce operational costs.
IoT-based wastewater management system
Yet another application of IoT is in the Biological Wastewater Treatment Plant. The software developed in The Distrikt will be used to recycle the wastewater and make it reusable for irrigation and for toilet flushes.
This innovative method of wastewater treatment is based on biological processes and plants’ phytoremediation function to remove pollutants, organic matters, nutrients. The system consists of several filtring and purifying cycles done in separate reactors. Overall, it is a complex ecosystem and IoT technology is applied for its efficient control. The software will regulate all engineering components necessary to maintain ideal conditions in the system. It will enable a smooth treatment process and the flow of the water from one reactor to another.
Experience working on the Internet of Things indicates where the value lies. →